- Kim Jon Un headed back to North Korea by train after a week-long, highly publicised visit to Russia.
- Kim’s visit included talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu.
- The US and South Korea watched closely and said any military cooperation between Russia and North Korea would violate UN sanctions.
SEOUL – North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was heading home by train on Sunday, Russian news agencies reported, after a week-long visit to Russia that included talks with President Vladimir Putin on closer military and other cooperation.
A video published by Russia’s state-run RIA news agency on Sunday showed Kim walking along a red carpet to his train carriage in the Russian Far Eastern city of Artyom, and waving goodbye to the sounds of a military band.
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Artyom is about 254km from Khasan station on Russia’s border with North Korea.
The trip by the North Korean leader, who seldom leaves his country, marks “a fresh heyday of friendship and solidarity, and cooperation is being opened up in the history of the development of the relations between the DPRK and Russia”, North Korean state news agency KCNA said, using the initials for the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The United States and its allies worry about warming military ties between the two neighbours as Russia presses on with its invasion of Ukraine, and North Korea, a reclusive communist state, proceeds with missile and nuclear development.
South Korea and the United States say military cooperation between North Korea and Russia would violate UN sanctions against Pyongyang and that the allies would ensure there was a price to pay.
South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol called such a military partnership “illegal and unjust”, saying the international community would “unite more tightly” to cope with deepening ties between Moscow and Pyongyang, in written responses to the Associated Press on Sunday.
Yoon will head to New York on Monday for the UN General Assembly.
Russia has gone out of its way to publicise Kim’s visit, dropping repeated hints about the prospect of military cooperation with North Korea, a country formed in 1948 with the backing of the Soviet Union.
On Saturday, Kim met Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu, who showed the North Korean leader Russian nuclear-capable strategic bombers, hypersonic missiles and warships.
Kim and Shoigu “exchanged their constructive opinions on the practical issues arising in further strengthening the strategic and tactical coordination, cooperation and mutual exchange between the armed forces of the two countries and in the fields of their national defence and security,” KCNA said on Sunday.
In this pool photo distributed by Sputnik agency, Russian President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un during their meeting at the Vostochny Cosmodrome in Amur region on 13 September 2023.
Moscow is discussing joint military exercises with North Korea, Shoigu told Russian media. He visited Pyongyang in July and toured a weapons exhibition with Kim, one of the most striking signs of deepening ties up to that point.
During his trip to Russia, Kim toured Russia’s Pacific Sea Fleet, equipped with strategic nuclear submarines among other military vessels, KCNA said, quoting him as praising the fleet for its contribution to peace in the region. He was photographed visiting a control room and inspecting a warship.
This month, North Korea launched its first operational “tactical nuclear attack submarine”.
Oleg Kozhemyako, governor of Russia’s far eastern Primorsky region, gave Kim a bulletproof vest and six drones produced in the region, RIA news agency said.
(Additional reporting by Maxim Rodionov and Lidia Kelly. Editing by Daniel Wallis, David Gregorio, William Mallard, Gareth Jones and Susan Fenton)
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